Recent Additions to the Wren Digital Library (8)

R.10.5, Psalter

R.10.5, f.104v

Though parts have been lost, the remaining decoration in R.10.5 suggests that this was a very fine Flemish psalter. It belongs to the ‘Tweede’ group produced in Ghent from 1270 and has distinctive bracket-like borders. A line of Middle Dutch (si di en zot zi di een ries) copied by the original scribe can be found at the end of Psalm 79. The manuscript had probably come to England – possibly to Tynemouth, a cell of St Alban’s Abbey – by the 15th century, at which time a Litany was added to the end of the manuscript.

O.9.13, Vulgate Bible

O.9.13, f.1r

This is a Vulgate Bible which means that it is the translation made by St Jerome in the 4th century. Jerome is depicted in the initial ‘P’ at the beginning of the manuscript. He is shown tonsured, wearing a cowl and writing. The descender of the letter also has a monkey playing the fiddle and, at the bottom, an owl. A second initial on f.3r has seven pictures depicting the days of creation. On one of the flyleaves, the volume also contains a sketch map of the Holy Land which names tribes.

O.2.44, Composite Manuscript

O.2.44_4, f.2v

Composite manuscripts comprise a number of different elements – sometimes with no apparent relation to each other – which at some point have been bound together. O.2.44 contains six separate manuscripts one of which (part 4) is a fourteenth-century medical text containing line drawings including a physician with a raised knife (above), a skeleton and sections of the skull.

O.1.30, Richard Fishacre, Commentary on the Sentences of Peter Lombard (excerpts)

O.1.30, f.1r

This manuscript, owned at some point by the Cistercian Abbey of Fountains in Yorkshire, contains work by the Dominican friar Richard Fishacre (d.1248). His commentary on Peter Lombard’s four books of Sentences was a controversial text opposed by the then Bishop of Lincoln Robert Grosseteste. The bishop was worried about the possibility of works of speculative theology taking precedence over scripture. Fishacre’s work was, however, defended by Pope Innocent IV and became the basis of theological study at the University of Oxford.

The entire Wren Digital Library can be accessed here.