Recent Additions to the Wren Digital Library (10)

L.11.33, Habitus praecipuorum populorum

Figure of a woman in brown top, yellow skirt and apron, carrying pitchers
Plate 24: Nuremberg Maid

This German Trachtenbuch (Costume book) was printed in Nuremburg in 1577. The introduction is signed by Hans Weigel and most of the woodcuts are by Jost Amman. Costume books of this kind began to be produced in the second half of the sixteenth century. There are 219 single page woodcuts that depict men and women from around the world in national and regional dress. Though in some ways related to an encyclopaedia offering a guide to style, costume books also tried to define social status and behavioural traits by the addition of text. In this book, there are verses in German underneath the images.

O.7.15 Statutes of the Guild of St Clement

O.7.15, p23

Parish guilds existed for devotional and social purposes: they provided lights (candles) used for worship in parish churches, masses and burial rites for members, and welfare support. But they also regulated the behaviour of members. The Guild of St Clement, in St Clement’s Church on Bridge Street, was one of several in Cambridge established from the 13th century onwards. This guild, which admitted men and women, was governed by a hierarchy including a Master and an alderman. These ordinances or rules were written in 1431 and the featured page forbids quarrelling members – ‘at hevynesse’ – from going to law until after they had asked for mediation by the alderman.

O.1.26, Library Catalogue

O.1.26, p26

This catalogue, dated 1697, is from St Paul’s School founded in 1509 by John Colet, Dean of St Paul’s Cathedral. The original school was located close to the cathedral but this building, including the library, was destroyed in the Great Fire of London in 1666. Following the fire there was a concerted effort to replace the destroyed books, including donations from Samuel Pepys who was a friend of Sir Thomas Gale, the High Master (head) from 1672 to 1697. Thomas’ son Roger Gale inherited his father’s personal Library and bequeathed several hundred manuscripts (including this catalogue) to Trinity College in 1738.

B.10.21, Psalter

B.10.21, f.242r

We recently blogged about the conservation of manuscript B.10.21. Now that it has been conserved and digitised, scholars have been able to examine it in more detail. Dr Eleanor Giraud tells us that the Dominican calendar can be dated with some precision. The feast of St Peter of Verona on 29 April is recorded, it appears, by the original scribe. St Peter died in 1252 and was canonised in 1253. The calendar also contains changes made by a commission of four friars, working 1246-1251, but it does not contain later changes of that were made by Humbert of Romans which were in circulation after 1259. This suggests a date from the mid 1250s. Dr Giraud also points out, though, that the calendar may have been copied later from a (by then) out of date model as it also has a few later additions bringing it in line with some later revisions.

The Wren Digital Library online.

Banner image: L.11.33, detail from plate 215

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  1. Pingback: Recent Additions to the Wren Digital Library (10) – Glyn Hnutu-healh: History, Alchemy, and Me

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