Views of Constantinople: The Freshfield Album online

One of Trinity College Library’s more intriguing manuscripts is an album of sketches of the architectural highlights of Constantinople. Several of the drawings are dated 1574, and it seems that they were produced by a Western artist visiting Constantinople as part of the diplomatic entourage sent to the Levant by the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian …

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Labours of the Month: October

Sowing was the beginning and end of the agricultural season and was an important charge for the workers responsible. After the soil was loosened with a harrow and subdivided into furrows with a plow, the process of sowing was as follows: "The field to be sown was measured, and the seed was measured into open sacks …

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Labours of the Month: August

As we found out last month, the wheat harvest was a crucial part of keeping people fed year-round in the middle ages. In August, the Labour of the Month is threshing. By using a flail to beat bundles of wheat, the edible grains were shaken loose from the rest of the stock. Threshing wheat is best done …

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Roger of Salerno’s ‘Surgery’

Trinity College Library's Manuscript O.1.20 is one of the earliest and most important known collections of vernacular medical texts from the middle ages. It includes among its various treatises and receipts an illustrated Anglo-Norman translation of the Chirurgia Practica of Roger of Salerno. Rogerius (before 1140 – c. 1195), also known as Roger of Salerno, brought …

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